Bazaine, François Achille

(1811-1888)
   military figure, marshal of France
   François Achille Bazaine was born in Versailles and received his military education in Paris. After having fought in Algeria and in spain against the Carlists, he was made a general and distinguished himself during the Crimean War (the capture of Sevastopol) and again during the campaign in Italy (victory of Solferino). In 1862, he was sent to Mexico, where he was named commander in chief and made a marshal of France (1864). Having married a Mexican woman, he intrigued, in part because of her influence, to oust the emperor Maximilian. In disgrace for a time upon his return to France, he was nonetheless named commander of the Imperial Guard by napoléon III (1869). Commander in chief of the French army in Lorraine during the franco-prussian war (1870), he fell back upon Metz without trying to establish a connection with the army at Châlons, commanded by General MacMahon. Wishing to exploit the abdication of Napoléon III and the fall of the second empire (september 4, 1870), he tried to negotiate with German prince Bismarck and the empress Eugenie, but was finally forced to surrender (october 27, 1870). In 1873, he was condemned to death for treason by a military tribunal. His sentence was commuted to 20 years in prison, but having escaped from the fortress of sainte-Marguerite, he eventually reached spain, where he died.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BAZAINE, FRANÇOIS ACHILLE —    a marshal of France, born at Versailles; distinguished himself in Algiers, the Crimea, and Mexico; did good service, as commander of the army of the Rhine, in the Franco German war, but after the surrender at Sedan was shut up in Metz,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • François Achille Bazaine — on campaign in Mexico by Jean Adolphe Beauce. Nickname Achille …   Wikipedia

  • Francois Achille Bazaine — François Achille Bazaine François Achille Bazaine Surnom Le traître de Metz (surnom donné par ses habitants) Naissance 13 février 1811 Versailles Décès 23 septem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Achille Bazaine — en campagne au Mexique. Portrait par Jean Adolphe Beaucé Surnom Le traître de Metz (s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francois-Achille Bazaine — François Achille Bazaine François Achille Bazaine während des Mexikofeldzuges in einem Gemälde von Jean Adolphe Beauce …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • François Achille Bazaine — während des Mexikofeldzuges in einem Gemälde von Jean Adolphe Beauce …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • François-Achille Bazaine — während des Mexikofeldzuges in einem Gemälde von Jean Adolphe Beauce …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • François Achille Bazaine — El mariscal Bazaine. François Achille Bazaine (Versalles, 13 de febrero de 1811 Madrid, 23 de septiembre de 1888), mariscal de Francia. Sirvió en la Guerra de Argelia, en la Guerra de Crimea y en la Segunda Intervención Francesa en México. Sin… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Achille François Bazaine — François Achille Bazaine François Achille Bazaine Surnom Le traître de Metz (surnom donné par ses habitants) Naissance 13 février 1811 Versailles Décès 23 septem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Achille François Bazaine — François Achille Bazaine François Achille Bazaine während des Mexikofeldzuges in einem Gemälde von Jean Adolphe Beauce …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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